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Przewalski’s Horse Przewalski's horse, also called the Mongolian wild horse or Dzungarian horse, is a rare and endangered horse originally native to the steppes of Central Asia. Once extinct in the wild, it has been reintroduced to its native habitat since the 1990s in Mongolia at the Khustain Nuruu National Park, Takhin Tal Nature Reserve, and Khomiin Tal, as well as several other locales in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. It is named after the Russian geographer and explorer Nikołaj Przewalski. Przewalski's horses are called "takhi," which means "spirit" in Mongolia. Przewalski's horse was long considered the only remaining truly wild horse, in contrast with the American mustang or the Australian brumby, which are instead feral horses descended from domesticated animals. Przewalski's-type wild horses are believed to appear in Lascaux cave art dating as far back as 20,000 years ago. The Buddhist monk Bodowa wrote a description of what is thought to have been Przewalski's horse about AD 900, and an account from 1226 reports an incident involving wild horses during Genghis Khan's campaign against the Tangut empire. In the fifteenth century, Johann Schiltberger recorded one of the first European sightings of the horses in the journal recounting his trip to Mongolia as a prisoner of the Mongol Khan. Another was recorded as a gift to the Manchurian emperor about 1630, its value as a gift suggesting a difficulty in obtaining them. John Bell, a Scottish doctor in service to Peter the Great from 1719 to 1722, observed a horse in Russia's Tomsk Oblast that was apparently this species, and a few decades later in 1750, a large hunt with thousands of beaters organized by the Manchurian emperor killed between two and three hundred of these horses. After 1903, there were no reports of the wild population until 1947, when several isolated groups were observed and a lone filly captured. Although local herdsmen reported seeing as many as 50 to 100 takhis grazing in small groups at that time, there were only sporadic sightings of single groups of two or three animals thereafter, mostly near natural wells. Two scientific expeditions in 1955 and 1962 failed to find any, and after herders and naturalists reported single harem groups in 1966 and 1967, the last observation of the wild horse in its native habitat was of a single stallion in 1969. Expeditions after this failed to locate any horses, and the species would be designated "extinct in the wild" for over 30 years. Competition with livestock, hunting, capture of foals for zoological collections, military activities, and harsh winters recorded in 1945, 1948, and 1956 are considered to be main causes of the decline in Przewalski's horse population.
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Aurora Winkler: Originally a pottery major Aurora graduated from Sierra Nevada College in 2010 with her Bachelor’s in Fine Art. She has been working the art gallery business since then and pursued her own small business Art Agent Maine while also painting from her studio in Brownfield Maine. Her work has been found in local and national galleries and has been represented with publications such as Condé Nast publishing. Aurora is happiest painting abstract on canvas while outdoors. Her inspiration comes from time spent near ponds, lakes and rivers, walks up mountains and visits to the ocean. She relives these moments through color and texture abstracting the views and interpreting the impression of those outings. Her work is considered contemporary abstract art or abstract expressionism. She lives in Brownfield Maine with her partner Daniel their daughter, Opal.